Research and Statistics

Suicide in Canada

Today in Canada 10 people will end their lives by suicide; up to 200 others will attempt so.

For each death by suicide, the World Health Organization estimates 10 people are deeply affected. Today in Canada, 10 deaths by suicide will leave up to 100 people in a state of bereavement. Beyond these people, up to 100 additional people will also affected by the death.  According to Statistics Canada, between 2014 and 2018 there were an average of 4,121 suicides per year, which means over 400,000 people bereaving suicide loss each year.  Even more people are suffering from suicidal thoughts, e.g. in 2015 over 3,396,000 Canadians aged 12 and over had suicide-related thoughts and behaviours.

To be certain, suicide is a critical public health issue in Canada.  Suicide is currently ranked as the 9th leading cause of death in this country.

Males are three times more likely to die by suicide than females, with higher rates prevailing as a consistent trend. Although men are more likely to die by suicide, females are three times more likely to attempt to end their lives. In addition, women are hospitalized 1.5 times more often than males for suicide-related behaviors. This discrepancy may be due to the fact that females tend to use less immediately lethal methods. Based on data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, 14.7% of Canadians have thought about suicide and 3.5% have attempted suicide in their lifetime.

Statistics – Suicide in Canada Infographic

Public Health Agency of Canada analysis of Statistics Canada Vital Statistics Death Database and Canadian Institute for Health Information Hospital Morbidity Database

Suicide worldwide in 2019 – Global Health Estimates

Suicide worldwide in 2019 - Global Health Estimates

Research – “I Can’t Crack the Code”

What Suicide Notes Teach Us about Experiences with Mental Illness and Mental Health Care July…

Statistics – Depression and suicidal ideation among Canadians aged 15 to 24

15 to 24 year-olds had the highest rates of mood and anxiety disorders of all age groups.